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Open banking is rapidly reshaping the financial landscape, shifting the monopoly of financial data from traditional banks to a more inclusive ecosystem. A financial technology practice that allows third-party financial service providers to access consumer banking, transactional, and other financial data from banks and non-bank financial institutions, open banking uses application programming interfaces (APIs). 

It allows traditional banks to share their financial data (with consumer consent) with licensed FinTech providers, facilitating the creation of personalized products and a more streamlined user experience. The year 2023 marked a pivotal moment with the first draft of the new PSD3, a proposed regulatory framework aimed at enhancing the security and functionality of the Open Banking framework. This provided a glimpse into the future of regulatory frameworks and underscored a year filled with innovative API integrations, notably Apple’s introduction of Open Banking APIs for Apple Pay.

As we look ahead to 2024, let’s explore the key trends that will define the future of open banking.

Rising Adoption

Open banking continues to gain traction among both consumers and businesses. According to the Open Banking Impact Report, in June 2023 alone, 9.7 million payments were made using this technology in the UK, an 88% increase from the previous year. The trend is set to continue, with further adoption driven by the benefits of efficient and personalized financial products. Predictions by Juniper Research suggest that the total value of open banking transactions could reach $330 billion by 2027, up from $57 billion in 2023.

The global open banking market size is expected to reach USD 135.17 billion by 2030, expanding at a CAGR of 27.2% from 2023 to 2030. Source: Research and Markets
The global open banking market size is expected to reach USD 135.17 billion by 2030, expanding at a CAGR of 27.2% from 2023 to 2030. Source: Research and Markets

Variable Recurring Payments (VRP) 

VRP is a type of automated payment arrangement that allows consumers to authorize service providers to withdraw varying amounts of money from their bank account on a recurring basis. Unlike fixed recurring payments, where the amount is the same each time, VRPs can vary based on service usage or other agreed-upon factors. Gaining momentum, VRPs offer a more intuitive user experience compared to traditional direct debits. VRPs allow:

  • Flexibility in Payment Amounts: VRPs adjust the payment amounts based on actual usage, making them ideal for fluctuating services like utilities or cloud storage.
  • Consumer Control and Consent: Consumers set parameters for payments, including limits on amount and frequency, offering greater control over financial transactions.
  • Real-Time Adjustments: Payments can be dynamically adjusted, ensuring they align with current usage or account balances, enhancing payment accuracy.
  • Simplified Payment Process: Setting up and managing VRPs is straightforward, often completed with a few digital interactions, simplifying the financial management process.
  • Enhanced Transparency: VRPs provide clear visibility on upcoming payments and amounts, aiding better financial planning and budget management.
  • Reduction in Failed Payments: The flexible nature of VRPs reduces the risk of failed payments due to insufficient funds, ensuring smoother service continuity.

In the UK, HSBC has pioneered the use of VRPs to allow customers to manage their financial transactions more flexibly. This implementation showcases the practical benefits of VRPs and sets a precedent for other banks considering similar enhancements to their payment systems.

Enhanced API in PSD3

PSD2, introduced by the European Union, mandated that banks open their payment services and customer financial information to licensed third-party providers via APIs, provided that customers have consented. 

PSD3 (currently a draft) seeks to further refine and enhance the open banking framework. PSD3 focuses on several key areas to improve the functionality and security of the services provided under PSD2:

  • Improved API Quality: PSD3 targets API performance issues, such as high latency, ensuring faster and more reliable data exchanges between banks and third parties.
  • Enhanced Security Measures: It proposes stronger security protocols to protect financial data against breaches and fraud, building on PSD2’s security foundations.
  • Regulatory Updates: PSD3 is expected to introduce stricter regulatory requirements for third-party providers and clearer guidelines on data access and usage.
  • Enhanced Consumer Rights: The directive will likely emphasize stronger consumer rights, particularly regarding data privacy and the transparency of financial services.

Anticipated by late 2024, PSD3 will provide clearer regulations aimed at fostering innovation while enhancing consumer protection and data security in the financial sector.

Embedded Finance

Embedded finance, the seamless integration of financial services into non-financial business platforms is set to expand as open banking facilitates these connections. This approach transforms traditional consumer experiences by incorporating services like insurance and payment solutions directly into platforms such as online retailers, enriching the user experience and opening new avenues for consumer engagement.

Shopify, a leading e-commerce platform, exemplifies the successful integration of embedded finance through its services, Shopify Payments, and Shopify Capital. Shopify Payments facilitates seamless payment processing directly within merchants’ online stores, eliminating the need for third-party payment gateways. This integration not only streamlines the checkout process but also enhances the overall customer experience by keeping all commerce-related activities consolidated.

Further extending its embedded finance capabilities, Shopify introduced Shopify Capital, which offers tailored financing solutions to merchants. Utilizing the rich sales data available on its platform, Shopify Capital efficiently assesses the creditworthiness of businesses, enabling quick and easy access to funding. This is particularly beneficial for merchants needing to manage cash flow, stock up on inventory, or finance growth initiatives. Shopify’s approach not only simplifies financial management for merchants but also opens new avenues for growth by integrating essential financial services directly into the user’s operational workflow.

Machine Learning and AI

In open banking, the integration of AI and machine learning is revolutionizing the sector by enhancing key aspects such as fraud detection and customer interactions. Here’s how AI is making a significant impact:

  • Fraud Detection: AI algorithms swiftly analyze transaction data to identify potential fraud, improving security and response times.
  • Conversational Banking: AI-powered chatbots, using natural language processing, offer real-time responses to customer queries, enhancing the customer service experience and operational efficiency.
  • Risk Management: Machine learning assesses credit risk with greater accuracy by analyzing extensive data points, enabling better-informed decisions for lending.
  • Personalized Services: AI tailors banking services to individual needs by predicting financial behaviors, leading to more personalized customer interactions.
  • Operational Efficiency: Automation of back-office tasks such as compliance and claims processing reduces costs and errors while speeding up services.

These AI-driven advancements are making open banking more secure, efficient, and customer-focused, meeting modern consumer demands effectively.

Open Banking Ecosystem
Open Banking Ecosystem

Will 2024 Be The Year of Open Banking Despite its Security Challenges?

The trends in open banking and API integrations for 2024 signal a significant shift in the financial services landscape. Tools like Monzo Bank‘s personalized budgeting aids empower users to track and manage their finances with ease, fostering financial literacy and encouraging responsible spending. Building on this foundation, services such as Revolut expand the horizon with comprehensive offerings that include cryptocurrency trading and international money transfers, providing customers with unprecedented flexibility and convenience. This drives the widespread adoption of digital banking solutions and reshapes consumer expectations.

Despite challenges such as security and data privacy concerns, the future of open banking holds promise for more intuitive payment experiences and tailored financial services. The ongoing focus on enhancing consumer experiences, coupled with a commitment to innovation and regulatory compliance, continues to propel the evolution of open banking forward.At Ionixx Technologies, we bring a deep understanding of the FinTech landscape and a proven track record of delivering innovative solutions. We can guide you through the complexities of open banking and ensure your services remain innovative, secure, and customer-focused. Reach out to us to explore how we can support your journey.

Categories: DefiFinTech